Birding At the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge

Birding is a great activity. It is mindful and stress-reducing, educational and active. Birding can be done nearly anywhere, in any season, and with a minimal investment in equipment (usually only needing a pair of binoculars and a guidebook or app to aid in identification).

If you are an avid birder or just simply enjoy hearing bird song in the morning, experiencing our forested trails and the many birds which call the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge home will be blissful. 

An American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) sings from a perch within its territory. Photo by Thomas Oliver

The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge, and the surrounding area, is a wonderful spot for bird lovers. We are geographically located near the tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula, a natural migratory corridor for many bird species to cross Lake Superior that acts as if it were a migrating bird “magnet“. The variety of habitats located on premises (e.g., mixed-mesic forests, wetlands, and open land) combined with our proximity to Lake Superior’s shoreline, offer birders the opportunity to see a wide variety of birds in a relatively small area of land. Over 300 different species of birds have been spotted within the surrounding 5-mile radius from the lodge.

Keweenaw Mountain Lodge Trails

A Brown Creeper (Certhia americana) gleans a bit of food from the crevices within the bark of a Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). [Photo by Thomas Oliver]
On the property surrounding the lodge, we maintain a network of multi-use, non-motorized vehicle trails, which can be used by birders. The summer trails are most often used by bikers and hikers. The winter trails are groomed and maintained for cross country skiing and snowshoeing. To access the winter trails, birders will need to use either cross country skis or snowshoes.

Additionally, the golf course closes at 7:00pm and  birders are welcome to walk the golf course in search of birds. Please stop by our Outdoor Activities Center for more information.

Bird Checklists

A bird checklist is a list of all the different bird species which have occurred within a specific area and serves two purposes for birders:

    1. A means of knowing what birds they are likely to encounter in a given area.
    2. A way to keep a tally of which birds have been seen

Use this link to print a copy of the “Checklist of Birds of the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge” seen below.

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Copper Country Audubon has also published two regional checklists which function well for our properties.

    1. Laurence Binford’s Birds of the Keweenaw checklist.
    2. Scott Hick’s Field Checklist of Birds of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.

Fledgling Merlins (Falco columbarius) are fed a large dragonfly by the adult female, in the forested area between the fairways for holes 7 and 8. [Photo by Thomas Oliver]
To help us identify occurrences of species on the Lodge property, we are using the apps iNaturalist and eBird. The iNaturalist app is a data collection app (created by the California Academy of Sciences and the National Geographic Society) which is used for documenting all species of living things and requires either a picture or audio recording (if it is an animal vocalization) to be uploaded for documentation. Locations of observations are, most often, precisely identified in iNaturalist. The eBird app (created by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) is specifically designed for documenting occurrences of bird species. It does not require photo documentation and locations are typically generalized to a place (e.g., the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge). Both iNaturalist and eBird are free for users to download and maintain an account and both systems can also be accessed using any computer connected to the Internet.

By uploading and using one (or both) of these apps, and identifying observations while at the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge, birders will see and provide multiple benefits:

    1. Birders will develop a running, digital, checklist for themselves of species they have observed.
    2. For species that a birder cannot identify, the greater communities of iNaturalist and/or eBird will aid in species identification (typically not immediately, though).
    3. The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge will be able to use data collected with these apps for developing and maintaining a record of all species encountered on the property.
    4. The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge will be able to use the data collected with these apps for managing specific habitat and ecological projects occurring on the property (e.g., Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary for Golf, interpretive walking/cross country ski trail development, and creating a bird checklist for guests to use).
    5.  The data collected with these apps can be used by scientists, worldwide, to monitor species abundance, diversity, and migration patterns.

Seasonal Variations in Bird Species at the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge

A Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) crosses the fairway for hole 1, while it was hunting the abundant squirrels and chipmunks on the property. [Photo by Thomas Oliver]
Located in Michigan’s northern-most and least-populated county, the Keweenaw Mountain Lodge is situated at a location which experiences definite seasonality.

Springs tend to be brief and cool but that usually results in the neotropical migrant birds moving through the area before leaves emerge on the trees – giving birders an easier chance to see these otherwise challenging birds to spot. Summers tend to be sunny and mild, with early sunrise and sunset times, providing birders with extended time “in the field.” Autumn conditions usually arrive as early as mid- to late-September, giving the potential of a backdrop of blazing color to accent raptor migrations.

Migrating raptors are able to be witnessed from the, nearby, Brockway Mountain scenic overlook. Although spring migration often brings greater numbers of migrating raptors past the Brockway Mountain Scenic Overlook, the accessibility of Brockway Mountain’s summit for witnessing the fall migration tends to be less challenging. This is because deep winter snow typically covers the land from Thanksgiving to late April. Each spring, the Keweenaw Bird Research Group conducts a survey called the Brockway Mountain Hawk Watch, during which the volunteers for the project see thousands of migrating hawks and other species of birds

Species tolerant of the harsh winter conditions (e.g.,

A Redpoll (Acanthis sp.) perches on a cold, windy February day. [Photo by Thomas Oliver]
Black-capped Chickadees, White- and Red-breasted Nuthatches, Common Ravens, and Blue Jays) usually remain throughout the winter. However, we also often see more typically “boreal” species choosing to visit in winter, including: Boreal Chickadees, American Three-toed Woodpeckers, Pine Grosbeaks, Snow Buntings, Redpolls, White-winged Crossbills, and (possibly) the occasional Boreal Owl.

Audubon Wildlife Sanctuaries Close to the Lodge
Brockway Mountain Drive Wildlife Sanctuary and the Lake Bailey Audubon Sanctuary are just a  10 mile scenic drive from the Lodge. Likely sightings include Broad-winged Hawk, Sharp-Shinned Hawk, and the occasional Peregrine Falcon, Bald Eagle or Golden Eagle.

Additional Nearby Birding Locations


Last modified on August 20th, 2023 at 1:48 pm